This report updates on the implementation of phase two of the G20 Data Gaps Initiative (DGI-2). The report was submitted to the G20 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors ahead of their meetings in Washington D.C. in mid-October.

In October 2009 the FSB and IMF published The Financial Crisis and Information Gaps, a report which responded to a request from the G20 Ministers and Governors to explore information gaps and provide appropriate proposals for strengthening data collection. The report, which set out a series of recommendations to address identified data gaps, was endorsed by G20 Ministers and Governors and led to the first phase of work (DGI-1). In September 2015 it was agreed that the DGI work should continue into a second phase.

Data gaps limit the ability of policymakers and market participants to assess financial stability risks and economic developments in a timely and accurate manner. Addressing these gaps has been an important priority for the G20 economies. This fourth progress report of the second phase of the G20 Data Gaps Initiative (DGI-2) provides an overview of the progress since September 2018 and the challenges that remain in implementing the DGI-2 recommendations by the 2021 deadline.

The main objective of DGI-2 is to implement the regular collection and dissemination of reliable and timely statistics for policy use. DGI-2 also includes new recommendations to reflect evolving policymaker needs. Its twenty recommendations are clustered under three main headings: (i) monitoring risk in the financial sector; (ii) vulnerabilities, interconnections and spillovers; and (iii) data sharing and communication of official statistics. DGI-2 maintains continuity with the DGI-1 recommendations while setting more specific objectives for G20 economies to compile and disseminate minimum common datasets for these recommendations.

The report highlights that:

  • Participating economies made additional progress in closing the identified data gaps and promoting the regular flow of timely and reliable statistics for policy use. Overall improvements were noted in coverage, timeliness, or periodicity of: securities statistics, derivatives data, sectoral accounts, international investment position, international banking statistics, and government finance statistics.

  • Challenges remain in fully implementing the DGI-2 recommendations by 2021. While substantial achievements have been made in promoting data sharing, continued efforts are still needed. Retaining high-level political support is essential to overcome remaining challenges.

  • To facilitate full implementation of the agreed DGI-2 recommendations, the IMF staff and the FSB Secretariat, in close cooperation with the Inter-Agency Group on Economic and Financial Statistics (IAG), will continue to monitor progress on the DGI-2.

The IMF Staff and FSB Secretariat will report back to G20 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors in the second half of 2020.