Summarised Terms of Reference for the Peer Review on the FSB Policy Framework for Shadow Banking Entities
Transforming shadow banking into resilient market-based finance is one of the core elements of the FSB’s regulatory reform agenda to address the fault lines that contributed to the global financial crisis and to build safer, more sustainable sources of financing for the real economy. As part of this agenda, the FSB is coordinating and contributing to the development of policy measures in five areas where oversight and regulation need to be strengthened to reduce excessive build-up of leverage, as well as maturity and liquidity mismatch, in the system. One of these five areas is assessing and mitigating financial stability risks posed by non-bank financial entities other than money market funds (“other shadow banking entities”). The FSB developed a high-level policy framework for other shadow banking entities in August 2013, which focuses on the underlying economic functions (i.e. activities) of non-bank financial entities instead of their legal forms, and sets forth key overarching principles that authorities should adhere to in their oversight of non-bank financial entities that are identified as posing shadow banking risks that threaten financial stability. The objective of the review is to evaluate the progress made by FSB jurisdictions in implementing the overarching principles set out in the framework – in particular, to assess shadow banking entities based on economic functions, to adopt policy tools if necessary to mitigate any identified financial stability risks, and to participate in the FSB information-sharing process. This document outlines the proposed objectives, scope, approach and process for this review.