The fifth progress report of the Data Gaps Initiative considers the implementation of the recommendations made in 2009 to close key information gaps and thus better inform policy work. Significant progress has been made in implementing the DGI recommendations but further work is needed and is critical to reaping the full benefits of the efforts undertaken to date. Strong policy support and peer pressure are among the key drivers of the success of the DGI. The data becoming available under the DGI are seen as enhancing policy analysis and surveillance, including financial stability and debt analysis, and in support of an understanding of domestic and international interconnectedness.